Here’s a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.

2 months: Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children) given as a 5-in-1 single jab known as DTaP/IPV/Hib Pneumococcal infection

3 months: 5-in-1, second dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib) Meningitis C

4 months: 5-in-1, third dose (DTaP/IPV/Hib) Pneumococcal infection, second dose Meningitis C, second dose

Between 12 and 13 months: Meningitis C, third dose Hib, fourth dose (Hib/MenC given as a single jab) MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), given as a single jab Pneumococcal infection, third dose

3 years and 4 months, or soon after: MMR second jab Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DtaP/IPV), given as a 4-in-1 pre-school booster

Around 12-13 years: Cervical cancer (HPV) vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer (girls only): three jabs given within six months

Around 13-18 years: Diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster (Td/IPV), given as a single jab

65 and over: Flu (every year) Pneumococcal.

Click here for the recommended HPA vaccination schedule

Influenza – flu – is a highly infectious and potentially serious illness caused by influenza viruses. Each year the make-up of the seasonal flu vaccine is designed to protect against the influenza viruses that the World Health Organization decide are most likely to be circulating in the coming winter.

Regular immunisation (vaccination) is given free of charge to the following at-risk people, to protect them from seasonal flu: people aged 65 or over, people with a serious medical condition people living in a residential or nursing home the main carers for an elderly or disabled person whose welfare may be at risk if the carer becomes ill healthcare or social care professionals directly involved in patient care, and those who work in close contact with poultry, such as chickens.